Jāmi` al-Tirmidhi (Arabic: جامع الترمذي), popularly and mistakenly Sunan al-Tirmidhi (Arabic: سُـنَن الترمذي), is one of the Sunni Six major Hadith collections. It was collected by Abu 'Eesa Muhammad ibn 'Eesa al-Tirmidhi. Al-Kattani said: "The Jaami' of al-Tirmithi is also named The Sunan, contrary to those thinking them to be two separate books, and [it is also named] Al-Jaami' al-Kabeer.
Sayyidina Safwan ibn AssaI (RA) said, “Allah's Messenger (SAW) used to command us
that while we were traveling, we should not remove our socks for three days and three
nights unless we were sexually defiled, but not (to remove them) if we had to answer
Shahr ibn Hawshab said that when he saw Sayyidina Jarir ibn Abdullah (RA) perform
ablution and wipe over his socks, he asked him about it and he said that he had seen the
Prophet (SAW) do it. Shahr asked him, "Was it before al‐Ma'idah was revealed, or after?"
He said, “I embraced Islam after the revelation of al‐Ma'idah.”.
Sayyidina Hammam ibn Harith (RA) reported that when Sayyidina Jabir bin
Abdullah (RA) performed ablution after he had passed urine, he merely wipe over his
socks (instead of washing his feet). He was asked why he did so, he said, "What prevents
me from it when I observed Allah's Messenger (SAW) do that?" The narrator said,” We
regard this hadith highly because he embraced Islam after the revelation of surah al‐
[Ahmed19189, Bukhari 387, Nisai 118,774, Ibn e Majah 453, Muslim 272]
Sayyidah Kabshah bint Ka'b ibn Malik (RA) wife of the son of Sayyidina Abu Qatadah (RA)
narrated," Abu Qatadah visited us and I poured out water in a vessel for ablution he may
make. A cat came and began to drink it. He tilted the vessel for it till she drank her fill. He
saw me looking at him and asked if I was surprised. When I said that I was, he said that
Allah’s Messenger (SAW) had said that it was not impure (or unclean) and it is one of
those that go round us.
Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, "When a dog laps a
vessel wash it seven times, rubbing it with earth the first or the last time. If a cat puts its
mouth into a vessel wash it once."
[Ahmed9516, 9936, Bukhari 172, Muslim 279, Abu Dawud 71, 72, Nisai 83, Muslim 364]
Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (RA) said that Allah's Messenger (SAW) asked him
"What do you have in your skin vessel?" He said that he had nabidh. The Prophet (SAW)
said "Dates are pure and purify water." Then, he performed ablution with it.
Sayyidina Abn Darda (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) vomitted once and made
ablution thereafter. Later he (Ma'dat ibn Abu TaIhah, a sub‐narrrator) met Sayyidina
Thawban (RA) in a mosque at Damascus and mentioned this event. He said, "He (Abu
Darda) is correct, for, I had poured the water for ablution."
Sayyidina Urwah reported from Sayyidah Aisha (RA) that she said that Prophet (SAW)
kissed one of his wives and without making (fresh) ablution stood up for Salah. Urwah
said that he remarked, "Who could that be but you." She laughed.
[Ahmed25824, Abu Dawud , 179, Nisai 170, Ibn e Majah 502]
Sayyidina Qays ibn Talq ibn Ali Hanafi (RA) reported from his father from the Prophet
(SAW) that he said, "It is but a part of his body." (The narrator is confused whether he
said ‘part’ or ‘no difference in it’.
[Ahmed16295, Ibn e Majah 483, Abu Dawud , 183, Nisai 165]
Sayyidina Hisham ibn Urwah (SAW) narrated that his father reported from Sayyidah
Busrah bint Safwan (RA) that the Prophet (SAW) said, "If anyone touches his penis then
he must not offer salah till he has performed ablution."
[Ahmed27364, Abu Dawud 181, Nisai 163, Ibn e Majah 479]
Sayyidina Bara bin Aazib (RA) said that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) was asked about
making ablution after eating camel flesh. He said, “Make ablution after that”. Then he
was asked about mutton. He said, “It is not necessary after that.”
[Ahmed18725,18563, Abu Dawud 184, Ibn e Majah 494]
Ablution does not break on eating what is cooked on fire,
Sayyidina Jabir (RA) said that he was with Allah's Messenger (SAW) once. He visited an
Ansar woman who slaughtered for him a goat and he ate it. Then she brought a plate of
dates from which he ate. He performed ablution for the salah of Dhuhr and prayed it. He
returned and she again brought the remaining meat. He ate of it. Then he offered the
salah of asr but did not perform ablution.
Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, ablution
becomes wajib on eating something cooked on fire, even a piece of qur'ut."
Sayyidina lbn Abbas (RA) asked Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA), "Shall we make ablution after
consuming oil and using hot water?" So, he said, "Nephew! When you hear a hadith of
the Prophet (RAW) do not cite example for that."
[Ahmed7609, 7679, 9524, Ibn e Majah 485, Muslim 352]
Sayyidina Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated that he observed the Prophet (SAW) sleeping while he
was in prostration. He was snoring or taking long breaths. Then he stood up continued to
offer salah. He said, "0 Messenger of Allah!! You had gone to sleep.He replied "Ablution
is wajib for one who sleeps lying down because his joints are relaxed when he lies down."
Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said , “ When one of
you is in the mosque and has doubts that he has broken wind then he must not go out till
he has heard a sound or perceives a smell”
Sayyidina Anas (RA) reported that some people of Uraynah came to Madinah but climate
of Madinah did not suit them. So, the Prophet (SAW) sent them to the shed of the camels
of zakah saying, "Drink their milk and urine." But, they killed the Prophet's (SAW) camel‐
grazer and took the camels away, and apostatised from Islam. When they presented to
the Prophet (SAW) he ordered that their hands and feet on the opposite must be
severed, and hot iron rods must be rubbed in their eyes.They were then consigned to
[Ahmed14063, 1242, Abu Dawud 4367, Nisai 4031, 4032, Nisai 1501, Muslim 1671, Ibn e
Concerning urine of a suckling infant before he eats
Sayyidah Umm Qays bint Mihsan (RA) said that she took her young son who was not yet
weaned to Allah’s messenger (SAW). He passed urine on the Prophet’s garment, so he
called for water and sprinkled it (on his garment).
Sayyidina Ibn Abbas (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) passed by two graves. He said,
“Both of them are punished, but not for a great sin. This one, here, was not careful to
avoid drops of urine defiling him. And this other went about slandering people.”
Safwan inb Sulaym reported on the authority of Sa’eed ibn Salamah of the descendants
of ibn al Azraq that Mughirah ibn Abu burdah Abdad Dar informed him that he heard
Sayyidina Abu Hurraira say that a man said to Allah’s messenger (SAW), “ O then we
would go thirsty. May we make ablution with sea water?” He said ,” Its water is pure and
its dead are lawful food”
[Ahmed8743, Abu Dawud 83, Nisai 59, Ibn e Majah 386]
Sayyidina Ibn Umar (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) was asked about water in the
desert lands at which birds and wild beasts come frequently. He said, "If the water is as
much as will fill two pitchers then it bears no impurity."
Sayyidina Abu Sa'eed Khudri (RA) narrated that someone asked, "0 Messenger f
Of Allah! May we make ablution out of the well of Buda'ah?" This was a well into which
Menstrual cloths, dead dogs, and stinking things were thrown. So, Allah's Messenger
(SAW) said, Water is pure. Nothing defiles it."
Sayyidina Abbas (RA) narrated that one of the Prophet's (SAW) wives (RA) bathed from a
large tub. The Prophet (SAW) then intended to perform ablution from it, but she said, "O
Messenger of Allah! I was sexually defiled." He said, "Water is not polluted."
[Ahmed2102, Ibn e Majah 370, Abu Dawud 68, Nisai 324]
Sayyidina Hakam ibn Amr Ghifari (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) disallowed man
to make ablution with the water remaining after a woman has made ablution bath) from
it. Or, he disallowed her left‐over after drinking.
The Prophet offered many salah with one ablution
Sayyidina Sulayman ibn Buraida (RA) reported from his father that the Prophet (SAW)
used to perform ablution for every salah. When Makkah was liberated, he offered
several salah with one ablution and wiped over his socks. Sayyidina Umer (RA) said, “You
did something that you never used to do before”. He said. “I did it on purpose”
[Ahmed23027,23034, Muslim 277, Abu Dawud 172, Nisai 133, Ibn e Majah 510]
Sayyidina Amr ibn Aamir Ansari (RA) reported that he heard Sayyidina Anas ibn Malik
(RA) say “The Prophet (SAW) used to perform ablution for every Salah”. He asked , “
What was your practice?” He said, “We let one ablution serve us many salah till the
ablution was nullified”
Sayyidina Umar ibn al‐Khattab (RA) narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, “ anyone
performs ablution and makes it a perfect ablution and says (I bear witness that there is
no God besides Allah who is the One, Who has no partner and I bear witness that
Muhammad is His slave and Messenger. 0 Allah! Cause me to be among those who
repent and cause me to be among who purify themselves), then all eight doors of
Paradise are opened for him that he may enter whichever door he chooses.
[A 17316, 17398, Muslim 234, Abu Dawud 169, 609, Nisai 151, Ibn e Majah 470 ]
Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "Shall I not tell
you of something by which Allah erases sins and elevates ranks?" They (the sahabah)
said, 'Of course, 0 Messenger of Allah!" He said, "To perfect ablution even in trying
conditions, to go towards mosques very often and to wait for the next salah after
offering one. This is ribat (guarding the frontiers)."
Qutaybah and Hannad reported from Abul Ahwas who from Abu Ishaq who from Abd
Khayr on the authority of Sayyidina Ali a hadith similar to Abu Hayyah's hadith, but Abd
Khayr has reported some more words : (When he had fini performing ablution, he took
some of the remaining water in his palm and drank it).
Sayyidina Abu Hayyah (RA) reported that he observed Sayyidina Ali (RA) perform
ablution. He washed his both hands thoroughly, rinsed his mouth thrice, snuffed w up his
nostrils thrice, washed his face thrice, washed both arms including elbows thrice, wiped
head once and washed both feet including ankles. Then he stood up and drank the
remaining water, saying, "I wished to show you how the Prophet (SAW) performed his
Abu Eesa said , “ Waki has also narrated this hadith from Thabit bin Abu Sufyan that he
asked Abu Jafar and got a confirmatory response. He said that Qutaybah and Hannad had
narrated the hadith from Waki on the authority of Thabit”
Sayyidina Thabit ibn Abu Safiyah (RA) narrated that he asked Abu Ja'far if Sayyidina Jabir
(RA); had narrated to him the hadith that the Prophet (RA) performed ablution washing
the limbs once, twice and thrice each. He answered, "Yes."
Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Zayd (RA) narrated that he observed Prophet (SAW) Perform
ablution. He wiped his head with water that was not residual after washing his hands
(which means that It was fresh water).
Sayyidah Rubayyi bint Mu'awwidh ibn Afra (RA) narrated that the Prophet
(SAW) wiped his head twice beginning from the back of his head, and again from its fore,
and his ears, both of them, inside and outside.
[Abu Dawud 126]
Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Zayd (RA) narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) wiped his head,
leading both hands from the fore to the back of the head up to the nape of his neck
bringing them back to the fore. Then he washed his feet.
[Bukhari 185, 191, Ibn e Majah 434, Muslim 235, Abu Dawud 100, Nisai 97,98]
Yahya ibn Musa has also heard the hadith from Abdur Razzaq who from Isra'il who from
Aamir ibn Shafiq who from Abu Wa'il who from Sayyidina Othman ibn Affan (RA) that
Prophet (SAW) used to run his fingers through his beard.
Sayyidina Hassan Ibn Bilal (RA) said that he saw ammar ibn yasir (RA) perform ablution,
He ran his fingers through beard so Hassan (RA) asked him, "Do you interwine your
beard?" Ammar (RA) said , "Why should I not do it when I did see Allah’s Messenger
(SAW) run fingers through his beard"
Rlbah ibn Abdur Rahman ibn Abu Sufyan ibn Huwaytib reported from his grandmother
who reported from her father that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "The abultion of a
person is void if he does not begin it with Allah's name."
On awakening from sleep no one should put his hands in a vessel before washing them
Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, "When one of you
awakes from sleep of the night, he must not dip his hand in the vessel till he has washed
it two or three times, for, he does not know where his hand was during the night."
[Ahmed8594, 9150, 10502, Bukhari 162, Abu Dawud 103 to 105, Muslim 278, Nisai 1]
Sayyidina Abu Salamah (RA) reported that Zayd ibn Khalid (RA) al‐Juhanni said
that he heard Allah's Messenger (SAW) say, "Were it not that I might distress my Ummah
I would order them to use the siwak before every salah, and I would put off the salah of
isha till one‐third of the night had passed”
He said, "Zayd ibn Khalid had the siwak on his ear as a scribe has a pen over it when he
came to the mosque for his salah. He did not offer salah till he had used the siwak, after
which put it back in the same place."
Sayyidah Mu’adhah (RA) narrated that Sayyidah Aisha (RA) saId (to the women) that they
shoulll tell their husbands to cleanse themselves with water as she felt ashamed before
them. The Prophet (SAW) used to do that.
Sayyidina Abdullah (RA): said that the Prophet (SAW) went out to relieve himself and said
to him, "Fetch threee stones for me." Abdullah said, "I brought to him two stones and a
piece of dung.He took the stones but threw away the piece of dung, saying, "It is
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[Ahmed4299, Bukhari 156, Nisai 42, Ibn e Majah 314]
Sayyidina Abdur Rahman ibn Yazid (RA) said that Sayyidina Salman (RA) was told,
"Indeed, your Prophet teaches you every thing, so much so thateven how to relieve
yourself. Salman (RA) said. "Yes! He forbade us to face the qiblah when passing stool or
urine, or to cleanse ourselves with the right hand, or to use dung or bones to cleanse.
[A 23764, 23766, Muslim 262, Abu Dawud 7, Nisai 41,42, Ibn e Majah 316]
Abu Wail reported that Sayyidina Hudhayfah (RA) said that Allah's Messenger (SAW)
came to a midden of the people and passed urine standing. Then he brought water for
him to erform ablution and began to retreat but he called him until he was just behind
him. Then Prophet (SAW) performed ablution and wiped over his socks.
[Ahmed23301, 23405, Bukhari 224, Muslim 273, Nisai 26, 27, Abu Dawud 23, Ibn e Majah
Hannad reported from Abdullah who from Ubaydullah ibn Umar who from Muhammad
ibn Yahya ibn Hibban who from his uncle Wasi' ibn Hibban who from Sayyidina Ibn Umar
who said, "I went up the roof of Hafsah's house and saw Allah's Messenger relieving
himself, His face was towards Syria and back towards the Ka'bah."
[Ahmed4812, 4991, Bukhari 145, 4991, Muslim 266, Abu Dawud 12, Ibn e Majah 322,
Ibn Lahi'ah has reported this hadith from Abu Dhubayr who from Jabir who from Abu
'Qatadah that he saw the Prophet (SAW) pass urine standing. Qutaybah told us about it
having been reported it from Ibn Lahi'ah.
Concerning disallowance to face the qiblah while relieving oneself
Sayyidina Abu Ayyub Ansari narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "When you go
to the toilet, do not face the qiblah while passing stool or urine nor turn your backs to it,
but turn to the east or west."
Abu Ayyub (RA) said, "When we arrived in Syria, we found their privies built facing qiblah,
so we would turn away from that and would seek Allah's forgiveness."
[Ahmed 23583, 23595, Bukhari 144, 394, Muslim 264, Abu Dawud 9, Nisai 21, 22, Ibn e
Sayyidina Anas (RA) ibn Malik narrated that while going to the privy the Prophet said: (O
Allah I seek refuge in you). Sayyidina Shu'bah (RA) said that at a Abu Salih as‐Saman, said
that at another time he said: (I seek refuge in Allah from evil and the evil‐doers, or, from
impure male jnns and impure female jinns)
Sayyidina Ali (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, "The key to purified. Its tahrim
(prohibition) is the takbir (saying Allahu Akbar to begin it) a (legality) is the taslim saying
assalaamu alaykum wa rahamatullah to end it."
[Ahmed1006, Abu Dawud 61,618 Ibn e Majah 275]
Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, "When a Muslim
slave", or, "a Believer washes his face while performing ablution then, with the water, or
the last drop of water, all his sins committed with his eyes are washed away. When he
washes his hands then all sins commited with them are washed away with water or the
last drop of water till comes out pure from sins."
[Ahmed8026, Muslim 244]
Sayyidina Ibn Umar (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, "No Salah is accepted
without purification and no Sadaqah is accepted from the proceeds, of treacherous
dealing." Hannad; in his version has used the word ‘illa’ (except) instead of
[Ahmed4700, 4969, Muslim 1874, Ibn e Majah 272]