Jāmi` al-Tirmidhi (Arabic: جامع الترمذي), popularly and mistakenly Sunan al-Tirmidhi (Arabic: سُـنَن الترمذي), is one of the Sunni Six major Hadith collections. It was collected by Abu 'Eesa Muhammad ibn 'Eesa al-Tirmidhi. Al-Kattani said: "The Jaami' of al-Tirmithi is also named The Sunan, contrary to those thinking them to be two separate books, and [it is also named] Al-Jaami' al-Kabeer.
Qutaybah and Hannad reported from Abul Ahwas who from Abu Ishaq who from Abd
Khayr on the authority of Sayyidina Ali a hadith similar to Abu Hayyah's hadith, but Abd
Khayr has reported some more words : (When he had fini performing ablution, he took
some of the remaining water in his palm and drank it).
Sayyidina Abu Hayyah (RA) reported that he observed Sayyidina Ali (RA) perform
ablution. He washed his both hands thoroughly, rinsed his mouth thrice, snuffed w up his
nostrils thrice, washed his face thrice, washed both arms including elbows thrice, wiped
head once and washed both feet including ankles. Then he stood up and drank the
remaining water, saying, "I wished to show you how the Prophet (SAW) performed his
Abu Eesa said , “ Waki has also narrated this hadith from Thabit bin Abu Sufyan that he
asked Abu Jafar and got a confirmatory response. He said that Qutaybah and Hannad had
narrated the hadith from Waki on the authority of Thabit”
Sayyidina Thabit ibn Abu Safiyah (RA) narrated that he asked Abu Ja'far if Sayyidina Jabir
(RA); had narrated to him the hadith that the Prophet (RA) performed ablution washing
the limbs once, twice and thrice each. He answered, "Yes."
Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Zayd (RA) narrated that he observed Prophet (SAW) Perform
ablution. He wiped his head with water that was not residual after washing his hands
(which means that It was fresh water).
Sayyidah Rubayyi bint Mu'awwidh ibn Afra (RA) narrated that the Prophet
(SAW) wiped his head twice beginning from the back of his head, and again from its fore,
and his ears, both of them, inside and outside.
[Abu Dawud 126]
Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Zayd (RA) narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) wiped his head,
leading both hands from the fore to the back of the head up to the nape of his neck
bringing them back to the fore. Then he washed his feet.
[Bukhari 185, 191, Ibn e Majah 434, Muslim 235, Abu Dawud 100, Nisai 97,98]
Yahya ibn Musa has also heard the hadith from Abdur Razzaq who from Isra'il who from
Aamir ibn Shafiq who from Abu Wa'il who from Sayyidina Othman ibn Affan (RA) that
Prophet (SAW) used to run his fingers through his beard.
Sayyidina Hassan Ibn Bilal (RA) said that he saw ammar ibn yasir (RA) perform ablution,
He ran his fingers through beard so Hassan (RA) asked him, "Do you interwine your
beard?" Ammar (RA) said , "Why should I not do it when I did see Allah’s Messenger
(SAW) run fingers through his beard"
Rlbah ibn Abdur Rahman ibn Abu Sufyan ibn Huwaytib reported from his grandmother
who reported from her father that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "The abultion of a
person is void if he does not begin it with Allah's name."
On awakening from sleep no one should put his hands in a vessel before washing them
Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, "When one of you
awakes from sleep of the night, he must not dip his hand in the vessel till he has washed
it two or three times, for, he does not know where his hand was during the night."
[Ahmed8594, 9150, 10502, Bukhari 162, Abu Dawud 103 to 105, Muslim 278, Nisai 1]
Sayyidina Abu Salamah (RA) reported that Zayd ibn Khalid (RA) al‐Juhanni said
that he heard Allah's Messenger (SAW) say, "Were it not that I might distress my Ummah
I would order them to use the siwak before every salah, and I would put off the salah of
isha till one‐third of the night had passed”
He said, "Zayd ibn Khalid had the siwak on his ear as a scribe has a pen over it when he
came to the mosque for his salah. He did not offer salah till he had used the siwak, after
which put it back in the same place."
Sayyidah Mu’adhah (RA) narrated that Sayyidah Aisha (RA) saId (to the women) that they
shoulll tell their husbands to cleanse themselves with water as she felt ashamed before
them. The Prophet (SAW) used to do that.
Sayyidina Abdullah (RA): said that the Prophet (SAW) went out to relieve himself and said
to him, "Fetch threee stones for me." Abdullah said, "I brought to him two stones and a
piece of dung.He took the stones but threw away the piece of dung, saying, "It is
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[Ahmed4299, Bukhari 156, Nisai 42, Ibn e Majah 314]
Sayyidina Abdur Rahman ibn Yazid (RA) said that Sayyidina Salman (RA) was told,
"Indeed, your Prophet teaches you every thing, so much so thateven how to relieve
yourself. Salman (RA) said. "Yes! He forbade us to face the qiblah when passing stool or
urine, or to cleanse ourselves with the right hand, or to use dung or bones to cleanse.
[A 23764, 23766, Muslim 262, Abu Dawud 7, Nisai 41,42, Ibn e Majah 316]
Abu Wail reported that Sayyidina Hudhayfah (RA) said that Allah's Messenger (SAW)
came to a midden of the people and passed urine standing. Then he brought water for
him to erform ablution and began to retreat but he called him until he was just behind
him. Then Prophet (SAW) performed ablution and wiped over his socks.
[Ahmed23301, 23405, Bukhari 224, Muslim 273, Nisai 26, 27, Abu Dawud 23, Ibn e Majah
Hannad reported from Abdullah who from Ubaydullah ibn Umar who from Muhammad
ibn Yahya ibn Hibban who from his uncle Wasi' ibn Hibban who from Sayyidina Ibn Umar
who said, "I went up the roof of Hafsah's house and saw Allah's Messenger relieving
himself, His face was towards Syria and back towards the Ka'bah."
[Ahmed4812, 4991, Bukhari 145, 4991, Muslim 266, Abu Dawud 12, Ibn e Majah 322,
Ibn Lahi'ah has reported this hadith from Abu Dhubayr who from Jabir who from Abu
'Qatadah that he saw the Prophet (SAW) pass urine standing. Qutaybah told us about it
having been reported it from Ibn Lahi'ah.
Concerning disallowance to face the qiblah while relieving oneself
Sayyidina Abu Ayyub Ansari narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "When you go
to the toilet, do not face the qiblah while passing stool or urine nor turn your backs to it,
but turn to the east or west."
Abu Ayyub (RA) said, "When we arrived in Syria, we found their privies built facing qiblah,
so we would turn away from that and would seek Allah's forgiveness."
[Ahmed 23583, 23595, Bukhari 144, 394, Muslim 264, Abu Dawud 9, Nisai 21, 22, Ibn e
Sayyidina Anas (RA) ibn Malik narrated that while going to the privy the Prophet said: (O
Allah I seek refuge in you). Sayyidina Shu'bah (RA) said that at a Abu Salih as‐Saman, said
that at another time he said: (I seek refuge in Allah from evil and the evil‐doers, or, from
impure male jnns and impure female jinns)
Sayyidina Ali (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, "The key to purified. Its tahrim
(prohibition) is the takbir (saying Allahu Akbar to begin it) a (legality) is the taslim saying
assalaamu alaykum wa rahamatullah to end it."
[Ahmed1006, Abu Dawud 61,618 Ibn e Majah 275]
Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, "When a Muslim
slave", or, "a Believer washes his face while performing ablution then, with the water, or
the last drop of water, all his sins committed with his eyes are washed away. When he
washes his hands then all sins commited with them are washed away with water or the
last drop of water till comes out pure from sins."
[Ahmed8026, Muslim 244]
Sayyidina Ibn Umar (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, "No Salah is accepted
without purification and no Sadaqah is accepted from the proceeds, of treacherous
dealing." Hannad; in his version has used the word ‘illa’ (except) instead of
[Ahmed4700, 4969, Muslim 1874, Ibn e Majah 272]