Monday, 26 March 2012

Sprinkling water after ablution .

Sayyidna Abu Huraira (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW). said "Jibril came to me and
said: "0 Muhammad! When you perform ablution, sprinkle water."

[Ibn e Majah 463]


Qutaybah and Hannad reported from Abul Ahwas who from Abu Ishaq who from Abd
Khayr on the authority of Sayyidina Ali a hadith similar to Abu Hayyah's hadith, but Abd
Khayr has reported some more words : (When he had fini performing ablution, he took
some of the remaining water in his palm and drank it).
[Nisai 136]

The Prophet's (SAW) ablution

Sayyidina  Abu  Hayyah  (RA)  reported  that  he  observed  Sayyidina  Ali  (RA)  perform
ablution. He washed his both hands thoroughly, rinsed his mouth thrice, snuffed w up his
nostrils thrice, washed his face thrice, washed both arms including elbows thrice, wiped
head  once  and  washed  both  feet  including  ankles.  Then  he  stood  up  and  drank  the
remaining water, saying, "I wished to show you how the Prophet (SAW) performed his
[Abu Dawud 116, Nisai 70]

One who washes some limbs twice and others thrice during ablution

Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Zayd,(RA) narrated that while performing ablution, the Prophet
(SAW) washed his face three times and hands twice. Then he wiped his head and washed
his feet (twice).
[M235, Abu Dawud 118, Nisai 97, 98, Bukhari 185]


Abu Eesa said , “ Waki has also narrated this hadith from Thabit bin Abu Sufyan that he
asked Abu Jafar and got a confirmatory response. He said that Qutaybah and Hannad had
narrated the hadith from Waki on the authority of Thabit”

Washing limbs once, twice or thrice

Sayyidina Thabit ibn Abu Safiyah (RA) narrated that he asked Abu Ja'far if Sayyidina Jabir
(RA); had narrated to him the hadith that the Prophet (RA) performed ablution washing
the limbs once, twice and thrice each. He answered, "Yes."
[Ibn e Majah 4101]

Washing every limb thrice

Sayyidina Ali (RA) said that the Prophet washed each limb during ablution three times.
[Ahmed928, 945, 971, Nisai 8, Abu Dawud 114]

Washing each limb twice

Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) said that the Prophet washed the limbs twice during ablution.

Washing each limb only once

Sayyidina  Ibn  Abbas.(RA)  said  that  the  Prophet  (SAW)  washed  each  limb  once  (in

[Abu Dawud 138, Nisai 80, Ibn e Majah 411, Bukhari 157]

Woe to dry ankles

Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, "Woe to the ankles in
the Fire" (if they remain dry after ablution)

[Ahmed24570, 7796, Bukhari 163, Nisai 110, Muslim 140, to 242] 


Sayyidina Mustawrid ibn Shaddad Fihri (RA) said that he observed the Prophet that when
he performed ablution he rubbed his toes with his little finger.

[Ahmed18038, Ibn e Majah 446, AD, 148]


Sayyidina Ibn Abbas (RA) said, "When you make ablution make Khilalof your fingers and
[Ibn e Majah 443]

Intertwine toes

Sayyidina Aasim ibn Laqit ibn Sabirah (R.A) reported on the authority of his father the
Prophet (SAW) said, "When you make ablution run your finger between your toes.”
[Ahmed16381, Bukhari 166. Abu Dawud 2366, Ibn e Majah 407]

Both ears are included with the head

Sayyidna Abu Umamah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) when he made ablution he
washed his face and both hands three times each and wiped his head, saying, "The ears
are included in the head."

[Abu Dawud 134]

Wiping the ears inside, outside

Sayyidna Ibn Abbas (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) wiped his head and his ears
their outsides and insides.
[Bukhari 140, Nisai 101, Ibn e Majah 439]

Fresh water for wiping head

Sayyidina  Abdullah  ibn  Zayd  (RA)  narrated  that  he  observed  Prophet  (SAW)  Perform
ablution. He wiped his head with water that was not residual after washing his hands
(which means that It was fresh water).
[Ahmed16433, 16445, 236, Abu Dawud 120]

Wipe the head once

Sayidah Rubayyi bint Mu’awwidh ibn Afra (RA) narrated that she saw the Prophet (SAW)
performing ablution. He wiped his head front and back, his temples and ears, once.
[Ahmed27086, 27084, Ibn e Majah 440, 441, Abu Dawud 131]

Wiping the head from the back

Sayyidah Rubayyi bint Mu'awwidh ibn Afra (RA) narrated that the Prophet
(SAW) wiped his head twice beginning from the back of his head, and again from its fore,
and his ears, both of them, inside and outside.
[Abu Dawud 126]

Wipe the head from the fore to the end

Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Zayd (RA) narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) wiped his head,
leading  both  hands  from  the  fore to the  back  of  the  head  up  to  the  nape  of  his  neck
bringing them back to the fore. Then he washed his feet.

[Bukhari 185, 191, Ibn e Majah 434, Muslim 235, Abu Dawud 100, Nisai 97,98]


Yahya ibn Musa has also heard the hadith from Abdur Razzaq who from Isra'il who from
Aamir ibn Shafiq who from Abu Wa'il who from Sayyidina Othman ibn Affan (RA) that
Prophet (SAW) used to run his fingers through his beard.


This hadith is also reported by Ibn Abu Umar from Sufyan from Saeed ibn Abu Arubah
from Qatadah. He reported from Hasan ibn Bilal who from Ammar who from the Prophet

Intertwine the beard

Sayyidina Hassan Ibn Bilal (RA) said that he saw ammar ibn yasir (RA) perform ablution,
He  ran  his  fingers  through  beard  so  Hassan  (RA)  asked  him,  "Do  you  interwine your
beard?"  Ammar  (RA)  said  ,  "Why  should  I  not  do  it  when  I  did  see  Allah’s  Messenger
(SAW) run fingers through his beard"
[Ibn e Majah 429,430]

Rinse and snuff with one scoop of water

Sayvidna Abdullah ibn Zayd (RA) said that he saw the Prophet (SAW) rinse his mouth and
snuff up water from one palm of the hand.. He dId that three times.
[Ahmed16445, Ibn e Majah 405,434, Nisai  97,98, Abu Dawud 100,118, Bukhari 185,191,
Muslim 235]

To rinse mouth and snuff water up the nostril

Sayyidina  Salamah  ibn  Qays  (RA)  said  that  Allah's  Messenger(SAW)  said,"When   you
make ablution, snuff up water and when you use stone for istinja use an odd number."
[Ahmed19009, Bukhari 161, Nisai 43, Ibn e Majah 406]


Rabah ibn Abdur Rahman ibn Abu Sufyan ibn Huwaytib narrated from his grandmother
daughter of Sa'eed ibn Zayd, from her father from the Prophet (SAW)……. the like of it.

Reciting tasmiyah before perfoming ablution

Rlbah ibn Abdur Rahman ibn Abu Sufyan ibn Huwaytib reported from his grandmother
who  reported  from  her  father  that  Allah's  Messenger  (SAW)  said,  "The  abultion of  a
person is void if he does not begin it with Allah's name."
[Ahmed11371, Ibn e Majah 337, Abu Dawud 102]

On awakening from sleep no one should put his hands in a vessel before  washing them

Sayyidina  Abu  Huraira (RA)  narrated  that  the  Prophet  (SAW)  said,  "When  one  of  you
awakes from sleep of the night, he must not dip his hand in the vessel till he has washed
it two or three times, for, he does not know where his hand was during the night."
[Ahmed8594, 9150, 10502, Bukhari 162, Abu Dawud 103 to 105, Muslim 278, Nisai 1]

Sayyidina Abu Salamah (RA) reported that Zayd ibn Khalid (RA) al‐Juhanni said
that he heard Allah's Messenger (SAW) say, "Were it not that I might distress my Ummah
I would order them to use the siwak before every salah, and I would put off the salah of
isha till one‐third of the night had passed”
He said, "Zayd ibn Khalid had the siwak on his ear as a scribe has a pen over it when he
came to the mosque for his salah. He did not offer salah till he had used the siwak, after
which put it back in the same place."
[Ahmed17045, Abu Dawud 47]

Concerning siwak
Sayyidina Abu Huraira (RA) narrated that Allah's Messenger(SAW) said, "Were it not that
I might distress my ummah, I would order them to use the siwak at every prayer”
[Ahmed7343, Bukhari 887, Nisai 12, Muslim 252, Abu Dawud 46. Ibn e Majah 87]

Passing urine in the bathroom is makruh

Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Mughaffal reported that the Prophet (SAW) said that no one must
urinate in the place where he bathes himself (bathroom), for, evil promptings generally
come from it.

[Ahmed20592, Nisai 36,27 Ibn e Majah 304]

The Prophet went to a distance to relieve himself

Sayyidla Mughirah ibn Shu’bah narrated that he was travelling wiith Allah's
Messenger (SAW) once. When he wanted to relieve hImself, he went away very far off.
[Ahmed15661, Nisai 16, Ibn e Majah 334]

Abstersion with water

Sayyidah Mu’adhah (RA) narrated that Sayyidah Aisha (RA) saId (to the women) that they
shoulll tell their husbands to cleanse themselves with water as she felt ashamed before
them. The Prophet (SAW) used to do that.
[Ahmed24693, Nisai 43]

Things with which it is makruh to make istinja

Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (RA) narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) "Do not make
istinja with dung and bone because that is provision of your brethren among jinn."
[Muslim 450]

Abstersion with two stones

Sayyidina Abdullah (RA): said that the Prophet (SAW) went out to relieve himself and said
to him, "Fetch threee stones for me." Abdullah said, "I brought to him two stones and a
piece  of  dung.He  took  the  stones  but  threw  away  the  piece  of  dung,  saying,  "It  is
Page 11 of 97
[Ahmed4299, Bukhari 156, Nisai 42, Ibn e Majah 314]

Istinja with Stones

Sayyidina  Abdur  Rahman  ibn  Yazid  (RA)  said  that  Sayyidina  Salman  (RA)  was  told,
"Indeed,  your  Prophet  teaches  you  every  thing,  so  much  so  thateven  how  to  relieve
yourself. Salman (RA) said. "Yes! He forbade us to face the qiblah when passing stool or
urine, or to cleanse ourselves with the right hand, or to use dung or bones to cleanse.
[A 23764, 23766, Muslim 262, Abu Dawud 7, Nisai 41,42, Ibn e Majah 316]

Abstersion with right hand disliked

Abdullah  ibn  Abu  Qatadah  (RA)  reported  from  his  father  that  the  Prophet  (SAW)
disallowed them to touch their penis with their right hand.
[Ahmed22628, Bukhari 153, Muslim 267, Nisai 23, 24, Abu Dawud 31]

On raising (or lowering) the lower garment at the lowest level

Sayyidina Anas (RA) said that when Prophet (SAW) wanted to relieve himself did not raise
his lower garment till he was very near the ground.
[Abu Dawud 14]

Concerning exception for that

Abu  Wail  reported  that  Sayyidina  Hudhayfah (RA)  said  that  Allah's  Messenger  (SAW)
came to a midden of the people and passed urine standing. Then he brought water for
him to erform ablution and began to retreat but he called him until he was just behind
him. Then Prophet (SAW) performed ablution and wiped over his socks.

[Ahmed23301, 23405, Bukhari 224, Muslim 273, Nisai 26, 27, Abu Dawud 23, Ibn e Majah
305, 306,455]

Disallowed to pass urine standing

Sayyidah Aisha (RA) said, "If anyone says that the Prophet (RA) passed urine standing up
then do not confirm him because he never passed urine but sitting down.
[Ahmed25653, Nisai 229, Ibn e Majah 307]


Hannad reported from Abdullah who from Ubaydullah ibn Umar who from Muhammad
ibn Yahya ibn Hibban who from his uncle Wasi' ibn Hibban who from Sayyidina Ibn Umar
who  said,  "I  went  up  the  roof  of  Hafsah's house  and  saw  Allah's  Messenger  relieving
himself, His face was towards Syria and back towards the Ka'bah."
[Ahmed4812, 4991, Bukhari 145, 4991, Muslim 266, Abu Dawud 12, Ibn e Majah 322,
Nisai 23]


Ibn Lahi'ah has reported this hadith from Abu Dhubayr who from Jabir who from Abu
'Qatadah that he saw the Prophet (SAW) pass urine standing. Qutaybah told us about it
having been reported it from Ibn Lahi'ah.

Concerning the Exemption from that

Sayyidina  Jabir  ibn  Abdullah (SAW)  said,  "The  Prophet (SAW) forbade us to  pass urine
while facing the qiblah. But, one year before his death, I saw him face the qiblah."
[Ahmed14878, Abu Dawud 13, Ibn e Majah 325]

Concerning disallowance to face the qiblah while relieving oneself

 Sayyidina Abu Ayyub Ansari narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, "When you go
to the toilet, do not face the qiblah while passing stool or urine nor turn your backs to it,
but turn to the east or west."
Abu Ayyub (RA) said, "When we arrived in Syria, we found their privies built facing qiblah,
so we would turn away from that and would seek Allah's forgiveness."
[Ahmed 23583, 23595, Bukhari 144, 394, Muslim 264, Abu Dawud 9, Nisai 21, 22, Ibn e
Majah 318]

What one says on coming out of the toilet

Sayyidah Aisha narrated that when the Prophet (SAW) came out of the toilet, he said: (0
Allah! I seek Your forgiveness)

[Ahmed5275. Abu Dawud 30, Ibn e Majah 300]


Sayyidina Anas (RA) narrated that when the Prophet went to the toilet, hewould say '0
Allah! I seek refuge in you from impurity and evil deeds’
[Ahmed11947, 11983, Bukhari 142, Muslim 375, Abu Dawud 4, 5 Nisai 19]


Sayyidina Anas (RA) ibn Malik narrated that while going to the privy the Prophet said: (O
Allah I seek refuge in you). Sayyidina Shu'bah (RA) said that at a Abu Salih as‐Saman, said
that at another time he said: (I seek refuge in Allah from evil and the evil‐doers, or, from
impure male jnns and impure female jinns)


Jabir ibn Abdullah (RA) narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said,”They key to paradise
is the salah and the key to the salah is ablution."

Purification is key to Salah

 Sayyidina Ali (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, "The key to purified. Its tahrim
(prohibition) is the takbir (saying Allahu Akbar to begin it) a (legality) is the taslim saying
assalaamu alaykum wa rahamatullah to end it."
[Ahmed1006, Abu Dawud 61,618 Ibn e Majah 275]

Merits of Ablution

 Sayyidina  Abu  Huraira  (RA)  reported  that  the  Prophet  (SAW)  said,  "When  a  Muslim
slave", or, "a Believer washes his face while performing ablution then, with the water, or
the last drop of water, all his sins committed with his eyes are washed away. When he
washes his hands then all sins commited with them are washed away with water or the
last drop of water till comes out pure from sins."
 [Ahmed8026, Muslim 244]

Salah without purification is not accepted

 Sayyidina Ibn Umar (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, "No Salah is accepted
without  purification  and  no  Sadaqah is  accepted  from  the  proceeds,  of  treacherous
dealing."  Hannad;  in  his  version  has  used  the  word  ‘illa’  (except)  instead  of
’bighair’ (without)
[Ahmed4700, 4969, Muslim 1874, Ibn e Majah 272]